A Systematic Review of Agricultural Sustainability Indicators

A Systematic Review of Agricultural Sustainability Indicators



 A rapidly expanding field, sustainable agriculture aims to produce food and energy for people today and future generations. The sustainability concept is different in every field; thus, the indicators are unique in any area and country. Sustainable agriculture contains three main dimensions: economic, environmental, and social. Sustainable agriculture has been the focus of researchers for the past twenty-five years and has attracted much attention. Many researchers tried to identify these
dimensions, but there is a lack of new research concerned with grouping all indicators together. Moreover, the indicators will change every year, so the indicators list needs to be frequently updated. This study follows the protocol for SALSA (Search, Appraisal, Synthesis, and Analysis) and PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). Web of Science (WoS) was used for the literature search. A total of 101 indicators were found from previous studies for the three dimensions: social, environment, economic. In order to measure the most important indicators for sustainable agriculture, the paper proposes an appropriate set of indicators, as well as providing the previous papers analyzed by year of publication, continent, and topic.


Bathaei, A.; Štreimikienė, D. 2023. A Systematic Review of Agricultural Sustainability Indicators. Agriculture : MDPI. ISSN 2077-0472. 13, 2, 241, p. 1–19. DOI: 10.3390/agriculture13020241. [RePec; Scopus; Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science)].

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